SURVEY ON BATTERY STANDARDS AND THE DIRECTLY RELATED STANDARDS
This survey comprises standards that are cover batteries and system integration with batteries including grid connection, PV installations, converters and EV charging. Starter batteries (or storage batteries) and primary batteries are omitted. Also country dependent standards like JIS D 5305-3 or DIN VDE 0110 that are completely based on an ISO or IEC standard have been omitted (in this case resp. ISO 6469-3 and IEC 60664-3).
The list includes standards that are referred to specifying test conditions or specific component requirements as well as standards that cover safety design in general like the FMEA (IEC/EN 60812) or the safety of machinery (ISO Guide 78).
This survey wants to alleviate system integration by being a rich source for references. Approximately 400 standards are covered.
Selection of standards
By chosing an entry in a at least one selection field, automatically a list of corresponding standards appears. Alternatively, a reference number can be given like 6469 (resulting into the ISO 6469 series) or a publication year can be given.
The section entries comprise the following general information:
- Editor: being for example, IEC, CENELEC, VDE.
- Year: the year of publication.
- Geography: this includes 'world' for e.g., IEC and ISO, 'continent' for e.g., CENELEC and UL, 'country' for e.g., VDE and CSA or 'private' for private institutions like Ellicert and VDA.
The second class of fields selects categories like the main application area or the life phase that is envisaged by a standard. The categories are an outcome of the Stallion project. They are not given by the editors in this way. The categories are:
- Target: this is about the main target of the standard like 'batteries' or 'electric vehicle' or even 'test method'.
- Application: this refers to the application with regard to the main target. It can be 'stationary' for 'batteries' and 'converter' for 'PV systems'
- Type: this is a subcategory of the application. It can be 'alkaline' for 'portable [batteries]' or 'safety' for 'automatisation'.
- Life phase: this tackles the stage in the lifecycle being 'design', 'production', 'transport', 'installation', 'use' and 'return'. Standards can cover several stages.
- Objective: some standards exist for recommendation purpose, others cover safety design or e.g., performance tests. It is possible that a standard covers several objectives. This classifier enables a quick separation between standards depending on the corresponding stage in the system integration.
By clicking on a specific standard the main information on the individual standard appears, being:
- Title: the full title of the standard.
- Link: a link to the contents of the standard.
- Commission: the commission that made the standard (often this information is not available).
- Scope: the full scope of the standard. This helps considerably in understanding the usefulness of a standard for a specific need.
Once a list appears a new item can be clicked within the list. This generates a new list that covers that item. This enables fast cross selection.
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° ENER/FP7/308800/STALLION.
The Mat4Bat project wants to reach following impacts:
- Understanding and verification of ageing and degradation processes in electrical vehicle batteries; and
- Considerable improvement of the battery lifetime while maintaining optimal battery performance: it should be demonstrated that the new materials used in the cells and systems would allow recharging, at system level, of a minimum of 4000 cycles at 80% DOD in typical BEV conditions over 10 to 15 years, while maintaining energy densities of at least 250 Wh/kg over the lifetime and permitting a considerable reduction of the battery « memory effect »; and
- Economic viability and technological feasibility of the advanced materials and the related processes with reference to real applications of industrial relevance; and/or
- Improvement of European battery production capacities; and/or
- Options for the use of environmentally friendly and sustainable materials.
The STALLION project has set up a complete framework of methodologies and protocols for safety testing of stationary Li-ion batteries for large-scale grid applications. STALLION incorporates the state of the art in the relevant technological areas like materials, cell architecture and detection methods.
Results has lead to a handbook on comprehensive and generic safety measures for large grid connected batteries. STALLION contributes to the standardisation framework for large-scale Li-ion battery testing and to a faster and safer deployment of Li-ion Batteries for grid application.
The STALLION project is funded by the European Commission (EC) under the 7th Framework Programme, topic Ebergy.2012.7.3.2 (Facilitating the deployment of safe stationary batteries).